U-M presenting Caryl Churchill's gender- and race-bending 'Cloud 9'
photo by Peter Smith Photography
Why? For one thing, in the first act, set in colonial, 1880s Africa, men play women’s roles and vice versa; a white actor plays a black character, and in the first act, a doll plays the role of a 2-year-old girl.
“As a daughter in the Victorian era, she’s not asked to be a part of anything,” said Ocel. “She’s only asked to be pretty.”
In the second act, set in London in 1980, the characters have aged only 25 years, and the actors exchange roles—including the doll’s character, which is played by a grown man who played the first act’s powerful patriarch.
“In the script, the playwright lays out the reasons why she did this,” Ocel explained. “A young child’s energy is very forceful and very masculine, in a way. It’s a force of nature. If you have kids, you know that they rule the roost. Your days are all about what they need, and their tantrums, because they’re not fully disciplined yet.”Churchill wrote “Cloud Nine” for Joint Stock Theatre Group in the late 1970s, using a 3-week workshop that focused on sexual politics as a springboard. “When I came to write the play,” Churchill has been quoted as saying, “I returned to an idea that had been touched on briefly in the workshop - the parallel between colonial and sexual oppression, which Genet calls ‘the colonial or feminine mentality of interiorized repression’. When the company talked about their childhoods and the attitudes to sex and marriage that they had been given when they were young, everyone felt that they had received very conventional, almost Victorian expectations, and that they had made great changes and discoveries in their lifetimes.”
The first act focuses on a British expatriate family living in Africa in 1880 and struggling to live within the strict sexual mores of the Victorian era. The second act, meanwhile, takes place during the sexual revolution in 1980 London, when the characters are free to be who they are, and do what they like, sexually speaking; but having endless choices turns out to be nearly as difficult as being locked into a rigid set of role and rules.
“Oppression makes us terribly unhappy,” said Ocel. “But the rules and regulations of the Victorian era were meant to push us forward as a civilization, and it did that. The arts flourished, governments were formed, democracy flourished—out of the chaos, nations were built. So there was something about—human beings need to think about what they are. That makes us enlightened and moves us forward. When the sexual revolution came along in the '60s, we reconnected with our bodies, and we brushed off the shackles, but I don’t know whether we moved forward anymore. I can’t answer that question. All I know is, to absolutely abandon yourself to freedom is not a good thing, either.
“I do think that the tension in the play is, how can you truly honestly be what you are and not have to change that for someone else’s definition of you? How do you do that and still be connected to and collaborate with a society, and with other human beings? Somehow a balance has to be reached.”
Ocel finds “Cloud 9”’s questions particularly timely as debates about gay marriage, unconventional families, and race continue to heat up.
But to think about the compromise necessary for progress on a large scale, we need, as a starting point, to think about how a marriage works, according to Ocel.
“What do I give up to allow my partner to be what he or she is?” said Ocel. “And does my husband or my wife also give up something that allows me to be what I am? This collaboration of freedom happens, and I think that’s a really good thing to work on and be conscious of.”