University of Michigan attempts new research funding model with $15M 'risky program'
Thomas Zurbuchen envisions a world where the risky ideas have a greater chance.
The associate dean of the University of Michigan College of Engineering, along with two of his colleagues, is helping launch a $15 million research initiative that encourages collaboration among disciplines and allows professors —and not third-party government or industry groups— to decide which projects receive funding.
Photo courtesy of U-M.
"The type of problem that MCubed will be ideal for is kind of a high risk, totally and utterly new, clean-sheet-of-paper problem, where the only way to make progress is to have somebody really working on it," he said. "Innovation really occurs in an environment where people take risks and talk about it."
Using the MCubed platform, researchers can propose ideas or choose to participate in an already conceptualized idea. A proposal can't get off the ground unless it has three faculty commitments, thus the initiative puts university professors in charge of divvying research dollars in the form of peer review.
As a consequence, the three like-minded researchers avoid the traditional year-long government grant review process and engage in research without outside constraints.
Once three researchers choose to work together they're considered a 'cube' and can use the $60,000 award to hire a graduate student or postdoctoral researcher for the project. According to U-M, projects can grow, cube by cube. For example, if 30 faculty members coalesce around one idea, for example, they could open a new large-scale research center with 10 funded positions overnight.
"You can really create a sizable, immediate program," Zurbuchen said.
The program, which U-M predicts is the first of its kind, is limited, Zurbuchen added. "MCubed is not going to solve every funding rogram that researchers face," he said, explaining the program is limited to funding personnel and not facilities or equipment.
The hope is that the U-M can take "the home runs," or successful projects generated by MCubed, and further develop them using outside resources. At the end of MCubed's first year the school will hold an innovation symposium to highlight research achievements generated as part of the program.
U-M's provost's office is funding $5 million of the initiative and U-M's 19 schools and colleges will fund the remaining $10 million, depending on the disciplines involved in research. U-M anticipates the program will fund roughly 250 projects in its first two years.
With such a large number of projects, Zurbuchen acknowledges that "not everything we’ll be doing will be totally successful."
"That's just the way research works," he said. "This is a risky program. Even the projects that will be successful will have on their way some failures."
Nonetheless, U-M believes the program is a way to break new ground that might otherwise remain unexplored.
Added Burns: “In the traditional system, faculty are often forced to do research based on what will get funded, as opposed to what’s the best idea or what is most important for society. Today those decisions are being made by external parties, and not by the best scientists in the world. MCubed will change that.”
The program is part of the $50 million Third Century Initiative encouraging interdisciplinary collaboration in an effort to solve global, real-world challenges. The initiative, announced by U-M President Mary Sue Coleman in October, will include additional yet-to-be-announced programs.